Vaccination is an active and safe way to protect our pets from dangerous, life-threatening diseases. If you’ve recently adopted a cat and think that an indoor cat doesn’t need any vaccinations due to less exposure from the outside world, then you’re totally wrong. No matter it stays inside, in order to protect it and your other pets, you need to follow the vaccination regimens.
Considering all this, we shall discuss what vaccines do indoor cats need along with the correct timeline to help you minimize the occurrence of deadly illnesses to a great extent. So, continue reading to learn all about cat vaccination.
What is the vaccine?
The vaccine is the natural preparation containing killed or weakened microbes, their surface proteins, or toxins to stimulate the body’s immune system to work against it. It also protects from such deadly microbes in the future from invading the body’s natural, healthy system.
What vaccines do cats need?
Indoor cats need two main vaccinations regimen to stay protected against life-threatening diseases. They include rabies vaccine against rabies virus and FVRCP against Feline herpes, feline distemper, and Calicivirus. Let’s discuss these vaccines individually to help you have a clear idea.
1. Rabies vaccines
Rabies is a fatal disease in mammals, including cats, dogs, bats, and humans. The rabies virus can transmit from one mammal to another and cause serious infection if not treated promptly. Moreover, almost all the infected animals and even humans die if they don’t get vaccination which prevents invasion of the virus into the nervous system.
If your cat is infected with rabies, you may notice a sudden change in its behavior. Such that if it’s super energetic, extroverted in nature, you’ll find it lazy, isolated, and less affectionate. Similarly, if it’s calm, you’ll find it agitated and restless. Also, in either case, its appetite would decrease.
There’s no treatment for rabies in cats; it’s crucial to get them vaccinated to protect them and yourself from this deadly virus. A single scratch or bite from it may transmit this virus in your body, which can ultimately kill you as well.
2. FVRCP vaccine
FVRCP vaccine protects against Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (feline herpes virus), Panleukopenia virus infection (feline distemper), and Calicivirus.
Feline herpes and Calicivirus are associated with upper respiratory infections, which may cause serious cough, sneezing, runny nose, sore throat, and joint pain. In contrast, the Feline distemper virus causes severe diarrheal disease in cats. Unfortunately, both of these infections are fatal and may cause death in just a few days. Therefore, it’s really necessary to vaccinate your pet, even if it’s indoor.
The vaccination for FVRCP starts at 8 weeks of age, while the second dose is at 12 weeks and the third one at 16 weeks of age. Therefore, if your cat is at a very low risk of contracting these viruses, you can only go with two doses as well. Later, your cat needs a booster dose every 3 years throughout its life to stay healthy and protected against upper respiratory and diarrheal diseases.
Additionally, this vaccine also provides 100% defense against ulcers in the mouth due to the Calicivirus. Also, there are no side effects for this vaccine. However, mild fever may occur, which subsides on its own.
When should you vaccinate your cat?
The vaccination process starts when your cat is just a few weeks old for better development and protection against diseases. The optimal age is 6 to 8 weeks, while the booster dose is after 1 to 3 years or occasional throughout the lifetime.
Benefits of Feline Vaccination
Below are few benefits of vaccination for your cats:
- It helps to protect against the spread of life-threatening diseases between animals.
- It helps you from catching such wildly infections such as rabies through scratch or bite of your cat.
- It helps to avoid unnecessary expensive treatments after getting infected with diseases.
- It also protects your other pets, especially the little ones, from contracting diseases from the older unvaccinated cats.
Feline vaccination is really essential to protect your cats from contracting life-threatening diseases. Whether your cat stays indoors or outdoors, it’s crucial to get it vaccinated at the proper age for its better development.
There are two vaccines necessary for your indoor cat, the Rabies and FVRCP vaccines. Moreover, the optimum age for your cat to get vaccinated is between 6 to 8 weeks. So, get it vaccinated to protect it, yourself, and other pets from harmful, deadly infections.